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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has a document explaining the requirements for testing accommodations for individuals with disabilities. Click HERE to view the document.

Federal and State Disability Laws
  • ADA - The Americans with Disabilities Act (1990, amended 2008) protects anyone with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one's major life activities.

  • IDEIA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (1997, amended 2004) guarantees the right for students aged 3-21 with disabilities a free public education. To be eligible for special education, students must be found to have a disability and need specialized instruction.

  • Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act - prohibits discrimination based on a disability.

If a student discloses that they have a disability, request a copy of documentation from a professional, before implementing accommodations. Examples of documentation include an IEP (Individualized Education Plan) or 504 Plan. Both of these are documents used in K-12 schools. Other acceptable documentation includes a letter or testing results from a doctor, psychiatrist, or mental health professional with a diagnosis and acceptable accommodations based on the student’s disability.


Accommodations will depend on the student’s specific disability and needs.  For instance, a student with a physical disability may need preferential seating and/or adaptive equipment.  For a student who has a specific learning disorder, such as dyslexia, the student may need multisensory instruction, modified assignments, extended testing time, and breaks.

Some of the more common accommodations include:

  • Extra time on tests and assignments.

  • Allow testing in a private area.

  • Allow frequent breaks to help them rejuvenate and refocus.

  • Braille or large-print exam booklets.

  • Screen reading technology.

  • Scribes to transfer answers.

  • Allow preferential seating. Sitting at the front of the class helps reduce distractions.

  • Modifying assignments by shortening or simplifying the content.

  • Allow books on tape and oral testing.

  • Use visual aids and hands-on activities.

  • Use multisensory instruction which accesses all parts of the brain.

GED® Testing
Citizenship Accommodations
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